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GlobES – 1-km Resolution Global Ecosystem Data Cube

Dataset Creator: Ruben Remelgado
Publication Year: 2020

Global data cube on the yearly extent of ecosystems following the habitat classification scheme of the IUCN Red List, used in the assessment of over 100,000 species. This data cube is composed by 65 ecosystem types and covers the period between 1992 and 2018, where each layer depicts per-pixel areas of a given ecosystem within a given year. ...

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Ecosystem extentTime-seriesRemote SensingGlobalIUCN Red List

Title:

GlobES – 1-km Resolution Global Ecosystem Data Cube

Publication Year:

2020

Description:
License:

CC BY 4.0

Additional Info:

The presented data is a subset of its global dataset, which will be made available after a succeful peer review.

Creator

Name:

Ruben Remelgado

E-mail: ruben.remelgado@idiv.de
Organisation:

German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv)

Contact

Name:

Carsten Meyer

E-mail: carsten.meyer@idiv.de
Organisation:

German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv)

Essential Biodiversity Variables (EBVs)

EBV class

Ecosystem structure

EBV name

Ecosystem distribution

Spatial domain

Spatial extent:

Global

Spatial resolution:

0.08 degree

Spatial accuracy:

0.08 degree

Temporal domain

Temporal resolution:

Yearly

Temporal extent:

From 1992-01-01 to 2018-12-31

Biological entity

Entity type:

Ecosystem Types

Classification System Name:

IUCN Habitat Classification Scheme (Version 3.1)

Environmental domain

Realm:

Terrestrial, Marine, Freshwater

Metric

Name:

Ecosystem Extent (ha)

Description:

Per-pixel areas expressed in hectares, depicting yearly cover extents on an ecosystem basis.


Scenario

Name:

Historical Earth observation

Description:

Historical Earth observation


Description of resources:

To develop the individual ecosystem maps in the GlobES data cube, we interpreted the interaction of 59 environmental variables that define ecosystem types, which we derived from 24 state-of-the-art, global datasets including remotely sensed and in-situ measurements of vegetation and abiotic land-surface cover, climate, soil, coastal and stream topography, and other environmental dimensions.

Resources used to generate the data

Resource 1
Name and version:

Climate Change Initiative (CCI) Land cover Version 2.0.7/2.1.1

Type:

Dataset


Access:

Open


Link:

https://cds.climate.copernicus.eu/cdsapp#!/dataset/satellite-land-cover?tab=overview


Reference:


Resource 2
Name and version:

Global Surface Water (GSW) Version 1.1

Type:

Dataset


Access:

Open


Link:

https://developers.google.com/earth-engine/datasets/catalog/JRC_GSW1_1_YearlyHistory


Reference:


Resource 3
Name and version:

Climatologies at high resolution for the earth’s land surface areas (CHELSA) Version 1.2.1

Type:

Dataset


Access:

Open


Link:

https://chelsa-climate.org/downloads/


Reference:


Resource 4
Name and version:

TerraClimate

Type:

Dataset


Access:

Open


Link:

http://www.climatologylab.org/terraclimate.html


Reference:


Resource 5
Name and version:

Multi-Error-Removed Improved-Terrain (MERIT) DEM

Type:

Dataset


Access:

Open


Link:

http://hydro.iis.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~yamadai/MERIT_DEM/


Reference:


Resource 6
Name and version:

Multi-Error-Removed Improved-Terrain (MERIT) DEM Hydrography

Type:

Dataset


Access:

Open


Link:

http://hydro.iis.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~yamadai/MERIT_Hydro/


Reference:


Resource 7
Name and version:

Database of Global Administrative Area (GADM) Version 3.6

Type:

Dataset


Access:

Open


Link:

https://gadm.org/


Reference:


Resource 8
Name and version:

Global Bathymetry (GEBCO) Version 1.0

Type:

Dataset


Access:

Open


Link:

https://www.gebco.net/data_and_products/gridded_bathymetry_data/


Reference:


Resource 9
Name and version:

Global River Width from Landsat (GRWL) Version 0.1.01

Type:

Dataset


Access:

Open


Link:

https://zenodo.org/record/1297434


Reference:


Resource 10
Name and version:

FLO1K Version 1

Type:

Dataset


Access:

Open


Link:

https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.c.3890224.v1


Reference:


Resource 11
Name and version:

Global Mountain Biodiversity Assessment (GMBA)

Type:

Dataset


Access:

Open


Link:

https://www.gmba.unibe.ch/


Reference:


Resource 12
Name and version:

Global Mountain Explorer (GME) K1 Mountain Classification

Type:

Dataset


Access:

Open


Link:

https://rmgsc.cr.usgs.gov/gme/gme.shtml


Reference:


Resource 13
Name and version:

SoilGrids

Type:

Dataset


Access:

Open


Link:

https://www.soilgrids.org/


Reference:


Resource 14
Name and version:

Koppen-Geiger Climate Classification

Type:

Dataset


Access:

Open


Link:

http://www.gloh2o.org/koppen/


Reference:


Resource 15
Name and version:

Lake Depth and Type Dataset Version 2.0

Type:

Dataset


Access:

Open


Link:

http://www.hirlam.org/index.php/component/docman/cat_view/220-software-downloads/219-flake-model-and-database?Itemid=71


Reference:


Resource 16
Name and version:

Global Delta Database

Type:

Dataset


Access:

Open


Link:

http://www.globaldeltarisk.net/


Reference:


Resource 17
Name and version:

Moderate Resolution Imaging Sprectroradiometer (MODIS) 8-day L3 Snow cover (MOD10A2/MOD10A2) Version 6.1

Type:

Dataset


Access:

Open


Link:

https://modis.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/dataprod/mod10.php


Reference:


Resource 18
Name and version:

Global Mangrove Watch Version 2.0

Type:

Dataset


Access:

Open


Link:

https://data.unep-wcmc.org/datasets/45


Reference:


Resource 19
Name and version:

Global Estuary Database Version 2.0

Type:

Dataset


Access:

Open


Link:

https://data.unep-wcmc.org/datasets/23


Reference:


Resource 20
Name and version:

Global Distribution of Tropical Corals Version 4.0

Type:

Dataset


Access:

Open


Link:

https://data.unep-wcmc.org/datasets/1


Reference:


Resource 21
Name and version:

Global Distribution of Cold-water Corals Version 5.0

Type:

Dataset


Access:

Open


Link:

https://data.unep-wcmc.org/datasets/3


Reference:


Resource 22
Name and version:

Global Distribution of Seamounts and Knolls Version 1.0

Type:

Dataset


Access:

Open


Link:

https://data.unep-wcmc.org/datasets/41


Reference:


Resource 23
Name and version:

Global Tidal Variables Version 1.0

Type:

Dataset


Access:

Open


Link:

https://snd.gu.se/en/catalogue/study/ecds0243


Reference:


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